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Improving cardiac surgery benefits through key research

November 27, 2019 | News

LEICESTER, UK: While short-term results of surgery are excellent, many patients fail to obtain long-term benefits the reasons for which remain unclear. Academics from the University of Leicester are researching why this is and have defined the top priorities for UK cardiac surgery research.

Women affected most by vascular complications of diabetes

November 22, 2019 | News

AMSTERDAM, Netherlands: Globally, there are more deaths due to diabetes in women than in men (2.1 versus 1.8 million annually). This excess risk is mainly owing to the higher risk of cardiovascular death in women. A recent study has now found that women are more affected by vascular complications caused by diabetes.

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The screw that dissolves

November 14, 2019 | News

ZURICH, Switzerland: Where bones fracture, surgeons often have to join the fragments with implants. Magnesium orthopaedic screws, which over time dissolve in the body, spare patients another operation after healing is completed and reduce the risk of infection. What happens inside the body during this process, though, is still largely unknown. To develop optimised alloys and orthopaedic screws with functionalised surfaces, researchers from the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) are now investigating magnesium corrosion.

Richard Wolf and E. Tamussino honored for their donation to Santa Casa de Misericordia Hospital

November 8, 2019 | News

KNITTLINGEN, Germany: At the end of August a ceremony was held in honor of medical technology company Richard Wolf and its Brazilian distributor E. Tamussino to celebrate their joint donation of medical equipment to the Santa Casa de Misericordia Hospital in Sao Paulo. The two companies have gifted three fully equipped endoscopic video carts and two urethroscopes to the hospital.

Researchers found Achilles’ heel of tumour cells

November 6, 2019 | News

WÜRZBURG, Germany: In 90 percent of all cases of colon cancer, the tumour cells have one thing in common: the APC gene is mutated. Research groups at Julius-Maximilians-Universität (JMU) Würzburg in Germany, were looking for targets in these cells that could be used to destroy them.

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Study results pave way for increase of heart donations

October 16, 2019 | News

GOTHENBURG, Sweden: There is a risk of every fourth heart examined for possible donation being dismissed as unusable due to stress-induced heart failure. However, according to new research, this condition has no bearing on the outcome of a transplant, meaning these results open the way for up to 30% more heart transplants.

Feeling legs again improves amputees’ health

October 9, 2019 | News

ZURICH, Switzerland: Two volunteers are the first above-knee amputees in the world to feel their prosthetic foot and knee in real time. Their bionic prosthesis, which was developed by an international team of researchers, features sensors that connect to residual nerves in the thigh. The resulting neurofeedback greatly reduces physical and mental strain for users of the prosthesis.

Neurons promote growth of brain tumor cells

October 2, 2019 | News

HEIDELBERG, Germany: In a current paper Heidelberg-based researchers and physicians describe how neurons in the brain establish contact with aggressive glioblastomas and thus promote tumor growth. These new tumor activation mechanism provide starting points for clinical trials.

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Epilepsy surgery: the earlier the better, overview study shows

September 20, 2019 | News

STOCKHOLM, Sweden: A person with drug resistant epilepsy who gets an early surgical intervention has a better chance of becoming seizure free. This is shown in a systematic review and meta-analysis in which Sahlgrenska Academy researchers, in collaboration with the Swedish Council for Assessment of Health Technology and Social Services (SBU), analysed results from a range of previous studies. They concluded that people with drug resistant epilepsy should, as early as possible, be referred for epilepsy surgery evaluation.

Operating on hips in a virtual operating room

September 10, 2019 | News

CHEMNITZ, Germany: Each year, more than 200,000 people receive a prosthetic hip in Germany. The success of these operations has a major impact on the quality of life of those affected. However, the procedure is often difficult, particularly the step that involves the so-called milling out of the acetabulum, one of the most delicate and difficult steps to practice. This is where the project “HüftImplantatPfannenfräsSimulator” (HIPS) steps in, funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). The project, successfully completed in April 2019, was led by the Professorship Machine Tool Design and Forming Technology at Chemnitz University of Technology. The Center for Computing Technologies at the University of Bremen provided research expertise in the field of virtual reality. Also involved in the project were FAKT Software in Leipzig and CAT Production in Munich.

Novel coating enables hip implants to grow in better and prevents aseptic inflammation

September 3, 2019 | News

AACHEN, Germany: The number of hip prostheses in the EU has risen steadily over the past ten years – most notably in Austria and Germany with 300 implants per 100,000 inhabitants. The frequency of aseptic inflammatory processes between bone and implant, accompanied with loosening of the prosthesis, has increased, resulting in a shortened lifetime of the hip replacement. A consortium of eleven research and industrial partners led by the Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT has now joined forces to develop a new generation of endoprosthesis for the treatment of aseptic loosening disease.

Features of urinary obstruction following kidney transplantation identified

August 27, 2019 | News

VIENNA, Austria: A research group from the Medical University of Vienna has successfully described the histological features of urinary obstruction in humans the first time. Using data obtained from kidney transplant patients, it might be possible to identify potentially dangerous complications following a kidney transplant at an earlier stage, and thus provide prompt treatment in the future.

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Study finds bowel preparation for colon surgery unnecessary

August 22, 2019 | News

HELSINKI, Finland: In recent decades, patients in Europe coming in for colectomies, or surgical procedures targeted at the colon, have not been routinely subjected to what is known as bowel preparation, where the bowel is emptied before the operation. In the United States , on the other hand, cleansing the bowel is relatively common.

Researchers develop new microstent

August 19, 2019 | News

ZURICH, Switzerland: Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a new method for producing malleable microstructures—for instance, vascular stents that are 40 times smaller than previously possible. In the future, such stents could be used to help to widen life-threatening constrictions of the urinary tract in foetuses in the womb.

Intranasal sufentanil as good as IV morphine for emergency pain relief, study finds

August 7, 2019 | News

GRENOBLE, France: In patients presenting to an emergency department with severe traumatic pain, intranasal sufentanil was as good as standard-of-care intravenous morphine for pain relief, according to a new study by researchers from Grenoble Alpes University Hospital.

48th World Congress of Surgery 2019 to kick off in Krakow

July 31, 2019 | News

KRAKOW, Poland: The International Society of Surgery (ISS) / Société Internationale de Chirurgie (SIC) is proud to present the 48th World Congress of Surgery (WCS) - formerly International Surgical Week (ISW)—in Poland from 11-15 August. The WCS is a biannual meeting which provides a platform for the education of surgeons, surgical trainees, medical students, and members of surgical teams from across the globe.

New probe could help surgeons more accurately remove tumours

July 24, 2019 | News

DUBLIN, UK: A study led by researchers at Royal College of Surgeon’s in Ireland (RCSI) Department of Chemistry has the potential to help surgeons more accurately remove tumours and detect cancer in lymph nodes during surgery.

Conjoined twin sisters separated after 50 hours of surgery

July 17, 2019 | News

LONDON, UK: A pair of twins, who were conjoined at the head, are finally living independent lives after a 100-strong team of British medical experts spent 50 hours performing complex surgery to separate them.

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