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Novel machine increases availability of human liver transplants

January 17, 2020 | News

ZURICH, Switzerland: Researchers from the University Hospital Zurich (UHZ), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETH Zurich), Wyss Zurich and the University of Zurich (UZH) have developed a machine that repairs injured human livers and keeps them alive outside the body for one week. This breakthrough may increase the number of available organs for transplantation.

Radical oral intervention not necessary before stem cell transplants, study says

January 9, 2020 | News

BASEL, Switzerland/HELSINKI, Finland: Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation is used to treat cancers and severe blood and autoimmune diseases. Owing to slow immune system recovery after the transplantation, patients have a heightened risk of infection. However, a recent study has reported that the presence of acute or chronic oral foci of infection before the transplantation does not affect the patient’s survival rate within six months of the procedure.

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Study promises improved treatment for aortic stenosis

December 19, 2019 | News

OSLO, Norway: Aortic stenosis is caused by aortic valve calcification, a challenging condition for the health service and for affected patients. The only treatment currently available is surgery, which holds risks and challenges. Therefore, researchers from the University of Oslo have investigated possible pharmacological therapy options in order to develop a non-surgical treatment.

Home urine test for prostate cancer could revolutionise diagnosis

December 11, 2019 | News

NORWICH, UK: According to a new study conducted by researchers from the University of East Anglia and the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, a simple urine test under development for prostate cancer detection can now be applied on urine samples collected at home. Scientists pioneered the test which diagnoses aggressive prostate cancer and predicts whether patients will require treatment up to five years earlier than standard clinical methods.

Research team creates a surgical navigation system for fetal surgery

December 4, 2019 | News

BARCELONA, Spain: The placenta of every expectant mother is located in a different place, its blood vessels are never the same, and its connection to the fetus and the umbilical cord also varies from one pregnancy to another. Moreover, the fetus is also always in a different position in each case and floating in amniotic fluid. The fetus is surrounded by highly delicate membranes that can only be perforated once so as not to risk losing the pregnancy. So, when a fetus has a life-threatening condition and requires an emergency intervention in the womb, the fetal surgeon faces a huge challenge because he or she has to decide very precisely where to enter the uterus and, once inside, has very few references to navigate safely.

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Improving cardiac surgery benefits through key research

November 27, 2019 | News

LEICESTER, UK: While short-term results of surgery are excellent, many patients fail to obtain long-term benefits the reasons for which remain unclear. Academics from the University of Leicester are researching why this is and have defined the top priorities for UK cardiac surgery research.

Women affected most by vascular complications of diabetes

November 22, 2019 | News

AMSTERDAM, Netherlands: Globally, there are more deaths due to diabetes in women than in men (2.1 versus 1.8 million annually). This excess risk is mainly owing to the higher risk of cardiovascular death in women. A recent study has now found that women are more affected by vascular complications caused by diabetes.

The screw that dissolves

November 14, 2019 | News

ZURICH, Switzerland: Where bones fracture, surgeons often have to join the fragments with implants. Magnesium orthopaedic screws, which over time dissolve in the body, spare patients another operation after healing is completed and reduce the risk of infection. What happens inside the body during this process, though, is still largely unknown. To develop optimised alloys and orthopaedic screws with functionalised surfaces, researchers from the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) are now investigating magnesium corrosion.

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Richard Wolf and E. Tamussino honored for their donation to Santa Casa de Misericordia Hospital

November 8, 2019 | News

KNITTLINGEN, Germany: At the end of August a ceremony was held in honor of medical technology company Richard Wolf and its Brazilian distributor E. Tamussino to celebrate their joint donation of medical equipment to the Santa Casa de Misericordia Hospital in Sao Paulo. The two companies have gifted three fully equipped endoscopic video carts and two urethroscopes to the hospital.

Researchers found Achilles’ heel of tumour cells

November 6, 2019 | News

WÜRZBURG, Germany: In 90 percent of all cases of colon cancer, the tumour cells have one thing in common: the APC gene is mutated. Research groups at Julius-Maximilians-Universität (JMU) Würzburg in Germany, were looking for targets in these cells that could be used to destroy them.

Study results pave way for increase of heart donations

October 16, 2019 | News

GOTHENBURG, Sweden: There is a risk of every fourth heart examined for possible donation being dismissed as unusable due to stress-induced heart failure. However, according to new research, this condition has no bearing on the outcome of a transplant, meaning these results open the way for up to 30% more heart transplants.

Feeling legs again improves amputees’ health

October 9, 2019 | News

ZURICH, Switzerland: Two volunteers are the first above-knee amputees in the world to feel their prosthetic foot and knee in real time. Their bionic prosthesis, which was developed by an international team of researchers, features sensors that connect to residual nerves in the thigh. The resulting neurofeedback greatly reduces physical and mental strain for users of the prosthesis.

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Neurons promote growth of brain tumor cells

October 2, 2019 | News

HEIDELBERG, Germany: In a current paper Heidelberg-based researchers and physicians describe how neurons in the brain establish contact with aggressive glioblastomas and thus promote tumor growth. These new tumor activation mechanism provide starting points for clinical trials.

Epilepsy surgery: the earlier the better, overview study shows

September 20, 2019 | News

STOCKHOLM, Sweden: A person with drug resistant epilepsy who gets an early surgical intervention has a better chance of becoming seizure free. This is shown in a systematic review and meta-analysis in which Sahlgrenska Academy researchers, in collaboration with the Swedish Council for Assessment of Health Technology and Social Services (SBU), analysed results from a range of previous studies. They concluded that people with drug resistant epilepsy should, as early as possible, be referred for epilepsy surgery evaluation.

Operating on hips in a virtual operating room

September 10, 2019 | News

CHEMNITZ, Germany: Each year, more than 200,000 people receive a prosthetic hip in Germany. The success of these operations has a major impact on the quality of life of those affected. However, the procedure is often difficult, particularly the step that involves the so-called milling out of the acetabulum, one of the most delicate and difficult steps to practice. This is where the project “HüftImplantatPfannenfräsSimulator” (HIPS) steps in, funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). The project, successfully completed in April 2019, was led by the Professorship Machine Tool Design and Forming Technology at Chemnitz University of Technology. The Center for Computing Technologies at the University of Bremen provided research expertise in the field of virtual reality. Also involved in the project were FAKT Software in Leipzig and CAT Production in Munich.

Novel coating enables hip implants to grow in better and prevents aseptic inflammation

September 3, 2019 | News

AACHEN, Germany: The number of hip prostheses in the EU has risen steadily over the past ten years – most notably in Austria and Germany with 300 implants per 100,000 inhabitants. The frequency of aseptic inflammatory processes between bone and implant, accompanied with loosening of the prosthesis, has increased, resulting in a shortened lifetime of the hip replacement. A consortium of eleven research and industrial partners led by the Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT has now joined forces to develop a new generation of endoprosthesis for the treatment of aseptic loosening disease.

Features of urinary obstruction following kidney transplantation identified

August 27, 2019 | News

VIENNA, Austria: A research group from the Medical University of Vienna has successfully described the histological features of urinary obstruction in humans the first time. Using data obtained from kidney transplant patients, it might be possible to identify potentially dangerous complications following a kidney transplant at an earlier stage, and thus provide prompt treatment in the future.

Study finds bowel preparation for colon surgery unnecessary

August 22, 2019 | News

HELSINKI, Finland: In recent decades, patients in Europe coming in for colectomies, or surgical procedures targeted at the colon, have not been routinely subjected to what is known as bowel preparation, where the bowel is emptied before the operation. In the United States , on the other hand, cleansing the bowel is relatively common.

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